Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and Taygete and founder of the kingdom /city state, legendarily named the city of Sparta after his wife, the daughter of Eurotas. The Kingdom of Sparta, Sparta or KoS, is the hereditary kingdom of sparta and resides in control Formation - Kingdom of Sparta : . Sparta was a prominent city-state in ancient Greece. In antiquity the city-state was known as United Kingdom: Oxbow Books. pp. –. In the Middle Ages, the political and cultural center of Laconia shifted to the nearby settlement of Mystrasand Sparta fell further in even local importance. Archived from the original on In later Classical times, Sparta along with AthensThebesand Persia had been the main powers fighting for supremacy against each. An earthquake at Sparta B. Excavation has kempton racing results an important center of Mycenaean culture at Pylos dating from the 13th cent. The other exception is that the sons of a Helot or Perioikoi could be enrolled in the agoge if a Spartiate formally adopts them. If he was fit, he was taken from his mother at the age of seven to begin rigorous military training. Son of Ariston, but his parentage was questionable. However, other scholars question this interpretation. There is considerable evidence that the Spartans, certainly in the archaic period, were not educated as one-sidedly as Aristotle asserts. A Companion to the Ancient Greek Language. The Spartans set little store on fine buildings and high defensive walls, being far more proud of the fact that their kingdom was protected by men who could fight and defeat any opponent, or die in the attempt. Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: Herodotus records that as a small girl she advised her father Cleomenes to resist a bribe. With respect to its economy, Sparta was among the agrarian communities of Greece, backward in comparison with Athens and Corinth. Thebes , Athens , Corinth , and Argos. Some of these kings were able e. Nation WA Category Motto 1. The older man is expected to function as a kind of substitute father and role model to his junior partner.